Tips for Heathy Teeth and Gums – Jean-Francois Hibbert’s Blog

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Ways to Care for Your Mouth

When caring for your teeth, be sure to remember to:

1)    Keep a successful daily oral hygiene routing, such as teeth brushing, flossing, and so forth it.

2)   Eat foods that aren’t high in sugar and work towards consuming less foods/drinks that can stain your teeth more easily because of dark coloring agents.

3)    Schedule regular appointments to see a dentist for a cleaning/check-up. Every six months is recommended.

Being aware of your food/drink intake and going into see your dentist regularly are extremely important when it comes to maintaining good oral hygiene, but a bulk of the responsibility falls on how well you care for your teeth everyday by brushing, flossing, and rinsing.  Here are some tips on how make the most of your two to three minute tooth-brushing sessions:

Be sure to brush at least twice a day for a full two to three minutes.  Ideally, one should brush their teeth after every meal.  If you can, wait to brush your teeth until thirty minutes after you have finished eating so that any enamel that might have been softened by the acids in your food have had a chance to re-harden.  This prevents enamel from being brushed away. Interesting tip!

To get rid of plaque, or the bacteria causing build up that naturally forms on your teeth in between brushings, more effectively, look for toothpastes that have fluoride listed as an ingredient as this can  get rid of bacteria and bacteria growth.  Also, consider technique when brushing.  You should use a soft-bristled toothbrush, position the toothbrush at a forty-five degree angle, and brush in small circles along the gum line. Brushing too hard along the gum line can irritate gums and result in them becoming swollen or bleeding  In addition, because the tips of the bristles are the most effective part of the toothbrush, make sure that you are not exerting so much pressure that the bristles of the toothbrush lie flat against your teeth when brushing.

Remember to floss!  Flossing removes the plaque, bacteria, and tartar that your toothbrush can’t get to.  Tartar is plaque that hardens and forms along the gum line after it is left undisturbed for a period of time. Once formed, tartar can only be removed by your dental hygienist.  Alleviate the scraping process at your routine cleanings by carefully flossing between each of your teeth every day in between visits.

Remember to brush your tongue gently also  This will help remove some extra bacteria and keep your breath fresher longer.  Rinse thoroughly with water after you have brushed your teeth and then finish by gargling with a brand of mouthwash that is alcohol-free.  Lastly, make sure you are exchanging your toothbrush for a new one every three to four months.

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Information about Type 1 Diabetes – Jean-Francois Hibbert’s Blog

This is a blog post on Jean-Francois Hibbert's Official Website

Type 1 Diabetes

A person affected by type 1 dabetes must monitor the levels of glucose sugar in the bloodstream for his or her lifetime.  Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas by cells called beta cells.   Insulin is responsible for moving glucose into cells to be stored and used for energy.  Type 1 diabetes stops beta cells from producing an adequate amount of insulin.  This means that blood sugar cannot be moved into cells or used for energy, causing a build up of glucose in the bloodstream.

This chronic disease can occur at any age, but is most often found in children, adolescents or young adults.  The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown, but many scientists believe that it an autoimmune disorder.  In autoimmune disorders, the immune system mistakenly attacks and breaks down healthy body tissue.  Genetics can also be a cause of type 1 diabetes, as the disease can be passed down genetically through generations.

Symptoms that may indicate that a person is affected by type 1 diabetes can occur when a person’s blood sugar is low or high.  With high blood sugar, a person can begin to feel parched, famished, fatigued, a numbness or tingling of extremities, blurred vision or, in more extreme cases, hyperventilation, dehydration, nausea or vomiting or stomach pain.  When affected by low blood sugar, a person may develop a headache, become hungry or anxious, experience palpitations or begin to perspire.

There are multiple blood tests that can be used to monitor diabetes, but there are certain things that people living with the disease can monitor themselves.  This includes checking to make sure the skin on one’s feet and legs is not discolored, telling one’s doctor if his or her feet or other extremities often feel numb, having one’s blood pressure, cholesterol and triglyceride levels checked at least every year, getting a Hemoglobin A1C test done every three to six months and maintaining routine check-ups with an optometrist and dentist, as diabetes can affect eyesight and oral health.

When it comes to managing type 1 diabetes, the person affected is ultimately the person in control.  He or she needs to learn how to recognize and treat hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) and hyperglycemia (high blood sugar), consume healthy meals that help balance blood sugar levels, keep track of insulin injections and adjust insulin when there is a change in the types of foods eaten or there is an increase in physical activity, monitor blood glucose levels and know where to buy supplies to treat diabetes and how to store them.

For more information on type 1 diabetes please visit http://ift.tt/18OAuRM.

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Planet May Continue to Warm for Centuries, Even if CO2 Shuts Off

compost_temp_1170-770x460A new study out of Princeton University suggests that it may take much less carbon than previously thought to reach the global temperature that scientists deem as being unsafe. Evan if emissions come to a complete stop, the already existing carbon dioxide in our atmosphere is enough to warm our planet for hundreds of years.

The researchers simulated an Earth on which, after 1.8 trillion tons of carbon emissions entered the atmosphere, the emissions suddenly ceased. Scientists generally create these models of a screeching half of emissions to test the heat-trapping staying power of carbon dioxide. Within a millennium of this simulation, post-carbon emissions shutoff, the carbon itself faded steadily, with 40% absorbed by the Earth’s oceans and landmasses within 20 years and 80% absorbed by the end of 1,000 years.

By itself, such a decrease of atmospheric carbon dioxide should lead to cooling. But the heat trapped by the carbon dioxide took a divergent track.

After a century of cooling, the Earth warmed by 0.37 degrees Celsius during the next four hundred years as the ocean absorbed less and less heat. While the resulting temperature spike isn’t large, a little heat goes a long way in this scenario. Earth has only warmed by 0.85 degrees Celsius since pre-industrial revolution.

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change estimates that global temperatures a mere 2 degrees Centigrade higher than pre-industrial times would dangerously harm with the climate system as well as earth’s ecosystems. To avoid that point would mean that humans would have to keep industrial emissions below one trillion tons of carbon, about half of which has already been put into the atmosphere since the dawn of industry.

The lingering warming effect the researchers found, however, suggests that the 2-degree point may be reached with much less carbon, says first author Thomas Frölicher, who conducted the work as a postdoctoral researcher at Princeton University.

The researcher’s conclusions contradict a scientific consensus that the global temperature would remain constant or decline if emissions were suddenly halted to zero. But previous research doesn’t take into account the gradual reduction in the oceans’ ability to absorb heat from the atmosphere, particularly the polar oceans, as noted by the author. Although carbon dioxide steadily dissipates, Frölicher and his co-authors were able to see that the oceans that remove heat from the atmosphere gradually take up less. Eventually, the residual heat offsets the cooling that occurred due to dwindling amounts of carbon dioxide.

 

via Jean-Francois Hibbert http://jeanfrancoishibbert.com/2013/11/25/planet-may-continue-to-warm-for-centuries-even-if-co2-shuts-off/

Exercise During Pregnancy May Boost Baby’s Brain

PF-baby-2_1376795cAccording to new research in a recently released study, moderate exercise during pregnancy may boost your baby’s development.

The study performed by researched Elise Labonte-LeMoyne, Ph.D. candidate at University of Montreal, involved eighteen moms-to-be, and found that at ten days, babies have a more mature brain when their mothers exercised during the pregnancy.

Other studies have found health benefits for newborns and older children whose mothers worked out during pregnancy, LeMoyne said. While animal studies have shown exercise during pregnancy shows altering of the fetus’s brain, the researcher said this is the first human study measuring the effect of exercise on the human brain’s development in utero.

For the study, which was scheduled for presentation at the Society for Neuroscience’s annual meeting in San Diego on Sunday, the researcher randomly assigned ten pregnant women to an exercise group, and eight to an inactive control group at the start of their second trimester. The active group was instructed to engage in twenty minutes of cardiovascular exercise three times a week at a moderate intensity — meaning that it should lead to a slight shortness in breath. They typically performed cycling, swimming, jogging or walking the researcher said. On average, the exercise group clocked approximately 117 minutes of exercise a week, while the sedentary group would perform, on average, twelve minutes weekly.Using an EEG, which records the brain’s electrical activity, the researchers measured the newborns’ brain activity while sleeping when 8 to 12 days old. They focused on the ability of the brain to recognize a new sound, Labonte-LeMoyne said, noting this reflects brain maturity.

The babies whose mothers were in the exercise group showed a slight advantage in brain maturity, showing that the brain is “more efficient” and can recognize the sound with “less effort.”

The differences may translate to a language advantage later in life, the researched speculated. The researchers are continuing to track the children until age 1 to see if the advantage remains.

It’s possible that exercise speeds up a process known as synaptic pruning, whereby extra nerve cells and connections are eliminated, helping brain development, Labonte-LeMoyne said.

 

via Jean-Francois Hibbert http://jeanfrancoishibbert.net/2013/11/11/exercise-during-pregnancy-may-boost-babys-brain/

Welcome to the Age of the Superstorm

originalAlmost exactly one year after Hurricane (or Superstorm) Sandy hit the U.S. eastern seaboard, the strongest typhoon in recorded history has slammed into the Philippines. That’s two superstorms in exactly two years, and it seems to be becoming the new normal. Interestingly enough, it seems to be that climate change is the culprit.

“Super Typhoon” Haiyan swept through the Philippines last night, leaving in its wake mass destruction and devastation. Though officials haven’t yet been able to make contact with any of the affected areas, so the true extent of the damage or the number of casualties has not yet been determined, it so far is not looking good.

What is known, though, is that this is the strongest cyclone of the year, and in all possibility, of all time. It’s the most powerful tropical storm to have ever reached land – and the numbers are staggering. U.S. Navy’s Joint Typhoon Warning Center, Haiyan produced sustained winds of 167 mph (269 km/h) with gusts reaching 201 mph (324 km/h).

The most previous record belonged to Hurricane Camille of 1969, which made landfall in Mississippi with 190 mph (305 km/h) winds. Sandy, which had a massive sprawl of 1,100 miles (1,800 km) APTOPIX Philippines Typhoonsustained winds of 80 mph (130 km/h).

In addition to its power, Haiyan was remarkable in that the walls of the storm that rotate around the eye were not replaced as it moved. This typically occurs in typhoons, which has the affect of weakening wind speed.

As for the link to climate change, experts theorize that a plentiful supply of typhoon-fueling warm ocean waters, low atmospheric wind shear, and generous amounts of warm and moist air surrounding these storms are to blame.

And, indeed, some governmental agencies are saying that climate change is increasing the ferocity and frequency of typhoons, though some scientists declare that it’s a premature conclusion. What’s clearer, however, is that the sea level rise from global warming escalates the risk posed by superstorm surges across the globe – including low-lying areas such as the Philippines and French Polynesia.

via Jean-Francois Hibbert http://jeanfrancoishibbert.com/2013/11/08/welcome-to-the-age-of-the-superstorm/

Mass Polio Immunization Campaign in Syria

EA134883-4053-4EB9-9F26-0E52E1F6FC23_mw1024_n_sThe World Health Organization and the U.N. have launched the largest ever immunization campaign in the Middle East to stop a recent outbreak of polio in Syria from spreading throughout the region.

In mid-October, 22 suspected cases of polio were diagnosed in northeast Syria. The virus has left ten children paralyzed, but U.N. health agencies warn that hundreds of thousands of children throughout the region are at risk to contract the crippling disease.

Now, with the partnership of the U.N. and the World Health Organization, the campaign is looking to immunize 20 million children across seven countries within the region, over the next six months. An ambitious, yet necessary and important campaign to take on considering the potentiality of an epidemic.

It must be noted that the disease has been circulating throughout the region for some time now, particularly in Egypt, Israel, the West Bank, and Gaza. However, with the disease recently being detected in Syria, which has been polio-free for 14 years now, it has catalyzed an emergency response in the region.

Emergency immunization campaigns to prevent further spread of polio, along with other preventable diseases, have vaccinated more than 650,000 children in Syria. This includes 116,000 in the highly contested northeast Deir-ez Zor province where the outbreak was confirmed a week ago. According to the WHO, the campaigns fanning throughout the region aim to vaccinate 22 million children.

The WHO reports that in the past few days, nearly 19,000 children under age five in Jordan’s Zaatari refugee camp have been vaccinated against the disease. In addition, it says that a nationwide campaign is underway, targeting 3.5 million people in Syria to combat rubella and measles, in addition to polio. It says a vaccination campaign has started in western Iraq and soon will begin in the Kurdistan region. Lebanon, Turkey and Egypt also plan campaigns this month.

The polio virus generally infects children in unsanitary conditions through fecal-oral transmission. It attacks the nervous system and can kill or cause paralysis. There is no cure for polio, however it can be prevented through immunization.

There have been media reports that Pakistani fighters brought the polio virus into Syria, but the WHO says that that is unlikely.

Pakistan, Nigeria and Afghanistan are the last three endemic countries in the world, so it is from there that polio will continue to spread.  Since WHO began its polio eradication campaign in 1988, vaccination has reduced this crippling disease by more than 99 percent globally.

via Jean-Francois Hibbert’s Page http://jeanfrancoishibbert.org/mass-polio-immunization-campaign-in-syria/

It’s Too Soon to Say That Green Bay Packers’ Jermichael Finley is “Going To Be Fine”

ku-bigpicGreen Bay Packers tight end Jermichael Finley sustained a serious head injury this past weekend while the team hosted the Cleveland Browns at home, for the second time this month. Though he appears to be recovering movement in his extremities, despite having suffered temporary paralysis immediately after the injury, it’s a stark reminder that the effects of head trauma in football can be brutally immediate.

We still don’t know which neurological injuries will be transient and which will be permanent. Assuming Finley is able to regain full sensation in his arms and legs, he will have suffered something called transient paresis, a horrible consequence of cervical spine injury.

Athletes can experience this type of injury in one of four ways; the neck may be 1. hyperextended, 2. hyperflexed, 3. compressed, or 4. subjected to indirect blunt force.1 Assuming any of those occur, and cause an interference with teh spinal cord, the thin bundle of neurons that extends down from the base of the skull and serves as a mean of transporting sensory and motor information to other parts of the body, as well as being a center for coordinating certain reflexes, it spells disaster.

Hyperextension and hyperflexion of the neck can result in what we commonly call whiplash2, a catchall term for sudden strain to the muscles, bones and nerves in the neck. During whiplash, ligaments or vertabrae can fold into the spinal canal, compromising the spinal cord. Reasons for neurologic symptons haven’t been sorted out yet, however it seems to be related to physical trauma to the neurons in the cord or a compromise in blood flow.

In addition to whiplash, neck injury can result from compression or blunt force trauma, which destabilize the vertebrae, ligaments, and connective tissue that support and protect the neck. In this scenario, blunt force trauma can cause any of these body parts to herniate into the spinal column, causing neurologic symptons, like the ones Finley had experienced after he connected with Browns safety Tashaun Gipson. However, before we attempt to prognosticate, it is important for us to know exactly the type of injury Finley sustained and, more importantly, what his neck anatomy looked like before and after the latest injury.3

In the fourth quarter of last night’s Packers game, Finley took a slant pass from Aaron Rodgers and lowered his head just as Gipson was moving in to tackle him. Gipson connected with Finley by hitting his head with this right shoulder-pad, and Finley fell limply to the ground almost immediately, signaling, initially, what most though was an immediate knock-out caused by concussive force, i.e. it was assumed Finley was immediately and severely concussed. This signaled the medical team to hit the field promptly. The tight end then spent the next few minutes on his back on the turf as the Packers’ training and medical staff immobilized his head and neck before he was taken off the field in a stretcher and brought to the ICU.

Players and fans were understandably disturbed by the play. When teammate Andew Quarless initially approached Finley, he said his fallen teammate couldn’t move and players could be seen with tears in their eyes as he was carted off the field. ESPN has nfl_a_finley_b1_300x200since reported that Finley has regained almost all movement and a source has since told NFL.com that Finley’s hospital stay is precautionary and that “he’s going to be fine.”

The truth is that that statement cannot be made with 100% positivity, because it’s simply too soon to tell.

Whenever a football player hits the field and is expected to incur a tackle (just about every player on every down is expected to incur a tackle), he’s potentially at risk of one of the four aforementioned types of neck injuries. If a player is hit the wrong way, and the spinal cord is compromised, players like Finley can feel unusual sensations in their extremities immediately. The most common symptom is the so-called burning hands syndrome, which is suggestive of a lesion to the central part of the spinal cord. In addition to numbness and tingling, the player may be unable to move certain parts of the body. This lack of movement can range from mild weakness to full paralysis, dependent on the severity of the injury. Often, there is no other neck pain at the time of injury. Symptoms can generally last less than 10 – 15 minutes, but may last as long as two days. It’s important to know that Finley is still in a critical recovery window, and will be for at least one more day.

It’s unclear as to whether Finley should ever return to Football even if he recovers. A recent study suggests that some NFL players can safely return to the field after certain types of head and neck injuries. That’s far from medical dogma, though, especially for a repeat victim like Finley.

Finley’s first injury of the season occurred on Sept. 22, when he was the victim of a helmet-to-helmet hit by Bengals safety George Iloka. Finley staggered off of the field and was soon after diagnosed with a concussion. Finley was visibly shaken by the head injury, as were those around him. Speaking to ESPNWisconsin, Finley said at the time, “I get calls from my grandma all the time. I tell her I only want to play 8 to 10 more years, and she says, ‘Boy, you need to quit this dang game.’ That’s the thing. I know the risks. But family members that care about you, they see it from a different perspective than we do.”

It’s a perspective that is worth considering by Finley. While fans may want Finley back, and the organization may want him back (Finley is currently having a great season through week 7, racking up 300 yards on 25 receptions and 3 touchdowns) one can reasonably argue that he should never step on a football field again. There are reports of athletes with transient neurological symptoms—the same as Finley reportedly experienced here—who subsequently developed permanent neurological injury. No one wants to see his name added to that list.

After his previous concussion, Finley’s five-year-old son had one request. “Daddy,” he said, “I want you to stop playing football.” He’s not the only one.


1A recent case of a Canadian professional hockey player recently developed transient paresis after being struck in the back of the neck by a puck Winder MJ, Brett K, Hurlbert RJ. Spinal cord concussion in a professional ice hockey player. J. Neurosurg. Spine. 2011; 14: 677–80. [Context Link>).

2Before the invention of the car, whiplash injuries were called “railroad spine” as they were often seen in connection with train collisions

3Football players often have unusual neck anatomy. In 1993, a new condition was described called Spear tackler’s spine that occurs in football players who habitually tackle using the top of the head as the initial point of contact. These players have narrowing of the cervical spinal canal and straightening of the normal neck curvature. They are also predisposed to permanent neurologic injury and should avoid all contact sports.

via Jean-Francois Hibbert http://jeanfrancoishibbert.net/2013/10/22/its-too-soon-to-say-that-green-bay-packers-jermichael-finley-is-going-to-be-fine/