BET 1: Continuous flow insufflation of oxygen in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

Jean-Francois Hibbert recommends

A short cut review was carried out to establish whether continuous flow insufflation of oxygen (CFIO) is better than standard ventilation strategies at improving outcome in adults who have suffered an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Papers were found in Medline and Embase using the reported searches of which four presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of these best papers are tabulated. It is concluded that CFIO does not improve survival or return of spontaneous circulation compared with standard ventilation strategies in OHCA.

from Emergency Medicine Journal Best evidence topic reports http://ift.tt/2ANz4yC

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Towards evidence-based emergency medicine: best BETs from the Manchester Royal Infirmary

Jean-Francois Hibbert recommends

Best evidence topic reports (BETs) summarise the evidence pertaining to particular clinical questions. They are not systematic reviews, but rather contain the best (highest level) evidence that can be practically obtained by busy practicing clinicians. The search strategies used to find the best evidence are reported in detail in order to allow clinicians to update searches whenever necessary. Each BET is based on a clinical scenario and ends with a clinical bottom line which indicates, in the light of the evidence found, what the reporting clinician would do if faced with the same scenario again.

The BETs published below were first reported at the Critical Appraisal Journal Club at the Manchester Royal Infirmary1 or placed on the BestBETs website. Each BET has been constructed in the four stages that have been described elsewhere.2 The BETs shown here together with those published previously and those currently…

from Emergency Medicine Journal Best evidence topic reports http://ift.tt/2yz5KpG

Towards evidence-based emergency medicine: best BETs from the Manchester Royal Infirmary

Jean-Francois Hibbert recommends

Best evidence topic reports (BETs) summarise the evidence pertaining to particular clinical questions. They are not systematic reviews, but rather contain the best (highest level) evidence that can be practically obtained by busy practicing clinicians. The search strategies used to find the best evidence are reported in detail in order to allow clinicians to update searches whenever necessary. Each BET is based on a clinical scenario and ends with a clinical bottom line which indicates, in the light of the evidence found, what the reporting clinician would do if faced with the same scenario again.

The BETs published below were first reported at the Critical Appraisal Journal Club at the Manchester Royal Infirmary1 or placed on the BestBETs website. Each BET has been constructed in the four stages that have been described elsewhere.2 The BETs shown here together with those published previously and those currently…

from Emergency Medicine Journal Best evidence topic reports http://ift.tt/2yz5KpG

BET 2: NSAIs and chickenpox

Jean-Francois Hibbert recommends

A shortcut review was carried out to establish whether non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is safe to prescribe in patients with chicken pox. 66 unique papers were found in CINAHL, Medline, Embase and Cochrane using the reported searches of which 6 presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and country of publication; patient group studied; study type; relevant outcomes; results and study weaknesses of these best papers are tabulated. It is concluded that, pending further research, it is advisable to avoid NSAID use in cases of primary varicella due to the potential increased risk of severe bacterial skin infections. Paracetamol should be given instead.

from Emergency Medicine Journal Best evidence topic reports http://ift.tt/2AN5uJU

BET 1: Can the Manchester Acute Coronary Syndromes and Troponin-only Manchester Acute Coronary Syndromes decision aids rule out acute coronary syndromes in the emergency department?

Jean-Francois Hibbert recommends

A short-cut review was carried out to establish whether the Manchester Acute Coronary Syndromes (MACS) and Troponin-only MACS (T-MACS) decision aids can safely rule out acute coronary syndromes in patients presenting to the ED with suspected cardiac chest pain. Six studies were directly relevant to the question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of these papers are tabulated. The clinical bottom line is that both rules have high sensitivity for acute coronary syndromes, including the detection of major adverse cardiac events at 30 days. The original MACS algorithm may have marginally greater sensitivity than T-MACS but has inferior specificity and requires the use of a biomarker assay (for heart-type fatty acid binding protein) that is not currently widely used in practice.

from Emergency Medicine Journal Best evidence topic reports http://ift.tt/2zhOnLk

Towards evidence based emergency medicine: best BETs from the Manchester Royal Infirmary

Jean-Francois Hibbert recommends

Best Evidence Topic reports (BETs) summarise the evidence pertaining to particular clinical questions. They are not systematic reviews, but rather contain the best (highest level) evidence that can be practically obtained by busy practicing clinicians. The search strategies used to find the best evidence are reported in detail in order to allow clinicians to update searches whenever necessary. Each BET is based on a clinical scenario and ends with a clinical bottom line which indicates, in the light of the evidence found, what the reporting clinician would do if faced with the same scenario again.

The BETs published below were first reported at the Critical Appraisal Journal Club at the Manchester Royal Infirmary1 or placed on the BestBETs website. Each BET has been constructed in the four stages that have been described elsewhere.2 The BETs shown here together with those published previously and those currently…

from Emergency Medicine Journal Best evidence topic reports http://ift.tt/2Bgau6p

BET 2: Sharing decisions for patients with suspected cardiac chest pain in the emergency department

Jean-Francois Hibbert recommends

A short-cut review was carried out to establish whether shared decision making used alongside a decision aid can lead to greater patient satisfaction, lower healthcare resource use and non-inferior clinical outcomes in patients with suspected acute coronary syndromes. Four studies were directly relevant to the question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of these papers are tabulated. The clinical bottom line is that the use of shared decision-making tools in the ED for management of patients with low-risk chest pain appears to be beneficial to the patient and the physician. Use of these shared decision-making tools appears to increase patient knowledge and satisfaction, while decreasing decision conflict and resource use, without causing additional negative outcomes for the patient.

from Emergency Medicine Journal Best evidence topic reports http://ift.tt/2zgRiUF